Monday, 27 May 2013

SPOJ LOOPEXP

Link : LOOPEXP

Category : Maths, Expectation


Hint : Consider the smallest element of the array. Consider the two cases of it being the first element of the array and not being the first element of the array.

Code:

Sunday, 17 March 2013

SPOJ AMR12H

Link : AMR12H

Category : Maths, probability and expectation


Solution : If f(x) is the Random Distribution Function of a random variable X and g(x) is the RDF of RV Y then
RDF of min(X,Y) is f(x)*g(x)
RDF of max(X,Y) is f(x)+g(x)-f(x)*g(x)
Then the expected value of the expression formed is integral over [0,1]

Code:

UVA 12356 : Army Buddies

Link : UVA12356

Category : Data Structure


Solution : Simple segment tree data structure suffices. Each node of the tree has a boolean variable indicating if at all it is possible to find an alive soldier in this range of soldiers.

Code:

Monday, 21 January 2013

Codechef ARIGEOM

Link : ARIGEOM

Category : Pigeonhole principle


Solution : Consider the first three terms. Some two of them have to be in AP or both in GP, thus giving 6 possible cases. Eg, let a,b,and c be first three terms. If a and b form an AP, then common difference of the AP must be b-a. Now mark all elements falling in this AP as apmarked (remember, all elements must be present in this AP starting from a and ending at some end point within the array). Now for remaining elements, find the common ratio that would mark all remaining elements, and possibly some apmarked elements too. Similarly for other 5 cases too.

Code:

Tuesday, 8 January 2013

SPOJ SKYLINE

Link : SKYLINE

Category :Maths


Solution : Recurrence works out to be Catalan number.


Code:

Monday, 7 January 2013

SGU 355 : Numbers Painting

Link : sgu355

Category : Simple number theory
Solution :  For every M in 2 to N, let prime factorization of M be M=product(piei). Then M will be colored by color number sum(ei). Eg, 12=22x31, then color 12 by color number (2+1)=3. Additionally, number 1 will require a totally different color, since it divides all other numbers.

Code: